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Chinese Language Grammar 1

All the tools ready? In this station, we are going to learn about the grammar. Chinese Language grammar is much simpler than English. Yet, due to its simplicity, many people are confused. Most of the time, direct translation from English to Chinese Language does not work.

A simple Chinese Language sentence is as below:

       我          去            学校。

Subject – verb – object

Subject

Singular – 我、你、您、他、她、它

Plural – 我们、你们、您们、他们、她们、它们

To change from singular nouns to plural nouns, you just simply add “们”, for example, 老师 (teacher) –> 老师们 (teachers).

From simple sentence, we add in other details. To indicate the time (每天), you can add at the beginning of the sentence or after the subject.

每天,我开心地走路去学校。– Everyday, I walk happily to school.

我每天走路去学校。– I walk to school everyday.

Object

Object is usually placed after the verb, but other possibilities include before the verb, before the subject, or even omitted. Conversational Mandarin often omits both the subject and the object when the context makes the meaning clear.

妈妈:你的妹妹呢?(Where is your younger sister?)

小明:睡觉。(Sleep.)

A simple 睡觉 means that the younger sister is sleeping.

Object is not necessarily a noun. In the sentence 我很快乐, which means “I am happy”, 快乐 is an adjective.

We will continue with Chinese Language Grammar 2 in the next station.