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二十四节气

In 二十四节令鼓, I have introduced the 24 seasons in the lunar calendar. Although Singapore is not a country with four seasons, some of the days are celebrated here.

The 24 seasons are:

立春、雨水、惊蛰、春分、清明、谷雨 (in Spring)

立夏、小满、芒种、夏至、小暑、大暑 (in Summer)

立秋、处暑、白露、秋分、寒露、霜降 (in Autumn)

立冬、小雪、大雪、冬至、小寒、大寒 (in Winter)

The first day of each season is called 立春、立夏、立秋 and 立冬 respectively. Thus, the four seasons are 春、夏、秋 and 冬.

Spring is a wet season with a lot of rain (雨), as seen from 雨水 and 谷雨. 清明 is a day (or a period before and after the actual day) when Chinese people remember and pay respect to their ancestors.

Summer is a hot season, as seen from 小暑 and 大暑. 暑 means heat and 大暑 is the hottest day of the year. 夏至, the summer solstice, is the longest day of the year.

Autumn is a season that changes from hot to cool, as seen from 处暑 (the ending of hot days) to 霜降 (the arriving of frost).

Winter is a cold season with snow (雪). Chinese people in Singapore celebrate 冬至, the winter solstice, by eating glutinous rice balls. 冬至, as opposed to 夏至, is the shortest day of the year.

二十四节气 is the wisdom of ancient Chinese. Learning Chinese language and 二十四节气 make you understand the four seasons more. Happy learning!

中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival / Mooncake Festival

今天是农历八月十五 (九月十九日),全球华人庆祝中秋节。中秋节,为每年农历八月十五。这一天也称为团圆节,因为这一天的月亮又圆又亮,象征团圆。

Mid-autumn Festival is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month in the lunar calendar. Sometimes, it is also called Mooncake Festival. As it happens during a full moon, it also signifies reunion.

起源 Origin

中秋节的美食首推月饼,它的起源说法有很多种。其中一个说法是,在元代末年,朱元璋的谋士刘伯温利用中秋民众互赠圆饼之际,在饼中夹带“八月十五夜杀鞑子”的字条,大家见了饼中的字条,一传十,十传百,相约于这天夜里一起杀了无恶不作的“鞑子”(元兵),过后家家吃饼庆祝起义胜利,并正式称中秋节的圆饼为月饼。

只可惜,近年来所生产的月饼已经不见小纸片的踪影,月饼所含的“文化密码”荡然无存。

意义 Significance of Mid-Autumn Festival

月饼是圆的,因此吃月饼表示“团圆”。吃月饼时,通常我们会配红茶,例如乌龙茶。红茶可以解油,又可以促进消化。当然,最重要的是,一家人一起品茶吃月饼,正好符合中秋节“团圆”的意义。

提花灯 / 灯笼,猜灯谜 Lanterns and Games

中秋节有许多的游戏活动,首先是提花灯 / 灯笼。传统的灯笼是由纸做成的,因此容易引起火灾。由于提灯笼大多数是由儿童提的,加上科技进步,现在市面上有各种不同的塑料灯笼,有些还会发出音乐。

猜灯谜也是其中一项有趣的活动。让我们来玩一玩灯谜吧!

1. 尘土飞扬     (猜一字)

2. 有时像银盘,有时像小船。晚上伴星星,白天躲起来。     (猜一天体)

 

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今天的你,是不是约了家人朋友一起共度中秋节呢?

祝大家中秋节快乐!