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Japanese Journey 十三 — Classroom

こんにちわ!Hello!

Today’s topic is on classroom. The sentences are related to learning. I have selected twelve sentences and the corresponding vocabulary list as below:

  1. 宿題 — homework
  2. 質問 — question
  3. 答えます — answer (verb)
  4. 辞書 — dictionary
  5. 言葉 — word
  6. 教科書 — textbook
  7. テスト — test (in katakana)
  8. 授業 — lesson / class
  9. やさしい — easy
  10. 難しい — difficult

The sentences are as below:

1. もう宿題は終わりましたか。

Have you finished your homework?

(The use of “か。” represents the question mark. In informal written Japanese, question mark can be used.)

2. これは日本語で何と言いますか。

How do you say this in Japanese?

(A useful sentence to learn new vocabulary in Japanese.)

3. この言葉の意味は何ですか。

What is the meaning of this word?

4. 辞書をひきます。

I look it up in a dictionary.

5. その質問は明日答えます。

I will answer the question tomorrow.

6. 教科書を見ていいですか。

Can I look at my textbook?

7. テストでは教科書を見てはいけません。

You cannot look at the textbook during the exam.

8. ほかの学生のテストを見てはいけません。

You cannot look at another student’s test.

9. その授業のテストはやさしいです。

Exams in that class are easy.

10. このテストはぜんぜんやさしくないです。

This test is not easy at all.

(やさしくないです is the negative form of やさしいです.)

11. やさしいテストと難しいテストがあります。

There is an easy exam and a difficult exam.

12. 午後三時に授業が終わって、家に帰りました。

The class ended at 3 pm and I went home.

 

Note: I have learnt more by writing in Japanese language in my posts. Let me know if I have made any mistake in writing as I am still a learner 🙂

それじゃ。See you.

 

Next lesson here…

* * ### Thanks for reading! ### * *

Japanese Journey 十二 — Nature

こんにちわ!Hello!

Today’s topic is on nature. I have selected eight sentences and the corresponding vocabulary list as below:

  1. 山 — mountain
  2. 川 — river
  3. 公園 — park
  4. 登り — climb
  5. 海 — sea
  6. 池 — pond
  7. 花 — flower
  8. 咲いて — (flowers) in bloom

The sentences are as below:

1. 魚が池にたくさんいます。

There are a lot of fish in a pond.

2. 男の子が海で泳いでいます。

A boy is swimming in the sea.

3. 夏は川で泳ぎます。

We swim in the river in summer.

4. この公園は花がたくさん咲いています。

There are many flowers blooming in this park.

5. 私の妹は公園の木に登ります。

My younger sister climbs up a tree in a park.

6. 今日は、山に登ります。

Today I am going to climb a mountain.

7. 昨日、山に登りました。

I climbed the mountain yesterday.

(Comparing sentence 6 and sentence 7, the verb is change to indicate the time.)

8. 山に登って それから 川に行きます。

I will climb the mountain, then go to the river.

 

Note: In Duolingo, kanji is kept to minimum. I use more kanji in my posts because I have learnt basic Japanese language. Let me know your opinion, do you want more kanji or less kanji?

それじゃ。See you.

 

Next lesson here

* * ### Thanks for reading! ### * *

Japanese Journey 二 — Japanese Writing System

The teacher asked the students to write hiragana on my first Japanese class. He said this is the basic of learning Japanese. He is right. Without learning the writing system in the first place, I would have difficulty to continue my Japanese learning journey on my own. The reason is I would have difficulty to look up in a dictionary for new vocabulary. For Chinese language, 汉语拼音 (HanYu PinYin) helps a person to look up a new word in a dictionary and learn, though it is not the writing system.

There are three types of writing systems in Japanese language — hiragana, katakana and kanji. Both hiragana and katakana are the lists of Japanese syllables. If you want to be fluent in Japanese (or any other languages), please learn the writing system at the beginning. With today’s technology, you can use the online dictionary or apps to find the meaning of a new vocabulary. In this way, you can always learn and continuously improve.

Hiragana is more commonly used than katakana. Katakana is only used for loanwords (mostly from English words) and sound mimics. Kanji is the Japanized Chinese characters. In the past week, I used one hour to revise hiragana, five hours for katakana and zero hour for kanji. Zero hour for kanji? Yes, lucky for me, Chinese language is my mother tongue, thus writing kanji is the same as writing any Chinese characters. The only problem for me is to know how to read (pronounce) the kanji because the same character in kanji and Chinese language is pronounced differently.

If you have noticed, I use kanji in my post title (It is not Chinese character!) as a way of revision. The same character, 二, is read ni (に) in Japanese language and er in Chinese language. If both languages are foreign to you, I would suggest you not to learn both languages at the same time because you would be confused.

As for hiragana, I have always been practicing writing hiragana repetitively, even when I am not learning Japanese. Below is the figure showing my hiragana writing, with two circled syllables that I have forgotten how to write without referring to any references. Thus, a quick revision is sufficient for hiragana.

joyfulyue.com_LearnJapanese

The circled syllables are the two syllables that I have forgotten.

I gave less attention to learning katakana by heart. Nonetheless, I would like to master Japanese this time, at least up to the level when I took Japanese Language Proficiency Test a few years ago. So, I spent more time on katakana, learning how to write and doing some exercises from the reference book. With some guessing work, I managed to get 17 out of 20 correct 🙂

Lessons learnt

1. When you learn a new language, start from the writing system.

2. Keep doing revision.

3. Use the language in your daily life to reinforce what you have learnt.

Next lesson here…