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Japanese Journey 七 — Adjectives, Asking Questions

As mentioned in Japanese Journey 六, there are two types of adjectives in Japanese language: い-adjective and な-adjective. The example in adjective conjugation, 高い, is an い-adjective.

All い-adjectives end with い. Some of the “famous” い-adjectives that you may hear from Japanese drama series are 可愛い (cute)、優しい (gentle)、美味しい (delicious) and 素晴らしい (fabulous).

To describe a noun, you just need to add the noun after the い-adjective, for examples, 可愛い子供、優しい人、美味しい寿司。

Although some な-adjectives end with い, you add な in between the adjective and the noun to describe the noun. Are な-adjectives confusing? No. From the examples below, although the pronunciation ends with い, they are kanji that does not end with い alone like  い-adjectives. It takes a lot of learning to differentiate な-adjectives from い-adjectives, but it is not confusing.

Examples of な-adjective and its usage:

(a) 綺麗 (きれい) — 綺麗な女の子

(b) 有名 (ゆうめい) — 有名な人

Asking questions

Asking questions in Japanese is easy. Once you have learnt sufficient grammar and vocabulary to form sentences, you just need to add か (ka) at the end of the sentence to make it a question sentence. Let’s look at two examples:

(a) 高いですか?— Is it expensive?

(b) あなたは行きますか?— Are you going?

Lesson learnt

1. Start a diary to write in the language that you are learning. The more you use the language in your daily life, the more your brain can retain what you have learnt.

Next lesson here

Chinese Language Grammar 2

This is a continuation from Chinese Language Grammar 1. In this station, we are going to explore “How do you ask a question in Chinese Language?”

There are three ways to ask a question:

1. 吗?

The particle “吗?” can be added to the end of any sentence to make it into a question.

Examples:

Have you eaten? — 你吃饱了吗?

Has he gone home? — 他回家了吗?

Have you done your homework? — 你做完功课了吗?

2. 不 / 有没有

Do you want to go home? — 你要不要回家?

Does he have a pencil? — 他有没有铅笔?

The above two methods of asking questions are asking for a yes / no answer. For asking 5W1H questions, use method 3.

3. 什么?

什么 — What

What is that? — 那是什么?

为什么 — Why

Why are you crying? — 你为什么哭了?

哪里 — Where

Where is he going? — 他要去哪里?

几时?什么时候 — When

When is daddy coming home? — 爸爸什么时候回家?

谁 — Who

Who are they? — 他们是谁?

怎样?怎么?如何? — How

How do you answer this question? — 这个问题怎么回答?

How about this dress? — 这件裙子如何?

Next station is Chinese Language Grammar 3.