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Japanese Journey 六 — Conjugation

English language learners are familiar with conjugation. For example, eat, eats, ate and eating are used differently depending on the person and the tense.

Japanese language has three types of conjugation: noun conjugation, adjective predicate and verb predicate conjugation. There are some notes on my book which I have written down. Thus, I have looked up some extra information on conjugation and added more information into the book.

Below is the summary of what I have learnt. The conjugation is highlighted in bold.

Noun conjugation

先生 (せんせい) = teacher

1. 私は先生です。— I am a teacher.

2. 私は先生じゃないです。— I am not a teacher.

3. 私は先生でした。— I was a teacher.

4. 私は先生じゃなかったです。— I was not a teacher.

Adjective conjugation

There are two types of adjectives in Japanese language: イ-adjective and ナ-adjective.

高い (たかい) = expensive

1. 高いです。— It is expensive

2. 高くないです。— It is not expensive.

3. 高かったです。— It was expensive.

4. 高くなかったです。— It was not expensive.

Verb conjugation

行き (いき) = go

1. あなたは行きます。— You go.

2. あなたは行きません。— You do not go.

3. あなたは行きました。— You went.

4. あなたは行きませんでした。— You did not go.

Lessons learnt

1. Find more information on a topic and write down the information. It helps to reinforce the learning.

2. If possible, read in the language that you are learning.

3. New Japanese words: Teacher — 先生

Expensive — 高い

Go — 行き

Next lesson here


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