Joyful 阅

Japanese Journey 十二 — Nature

こんにちわ!Hello!

Today’s topic is on nature. I have selected eight sentences and the corresponding vocabulary list as below:

  1. 山 — mountain
  2. 川 — river
  3. 公園 — park
  4. 登り — climb
  5. 海 — sea
  6. 池 — pond
  7. 花 — flower
  8. 咲いて — (flowers) in bloom

The sentences are as below:

1. 魚が池にたくさんいます。

There are a lot of fish in a pond.

2. 男の子が海で泳いでいます。

A boy is swimming in the sea.

3. 夏は川で泳ぎます。

We swim in the river in summer.

4. この公園は花がたくさん咲いています。

There are many flowers blooming in this park.

5. 私の妹は公園の木に登ります。

My younger sister climbs up a tree in a park.

6. 今日は、山に登ります。

Today I am going to climb a mountain.

7. 昨日、山に登りました。

I climbed the mountain yesterday.

(Comparing sentence 6 and sentence 7, the verb is change to indicate the time.)

8. 山に登って それから 川に行きます。

I will climb the mountain, then go to the river.

 

Note: In Duolingo, kanji is kept to minimum. I use more kanji in my posts because I have learnt basic Japanese language. Let me know your opinion, do you want more kanji or less kanji?

それじゃ。See you.

 

Next lesson here…

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Japanese Journey 十一 — New Timetable

こんにちわ!Hello!

I am now using Duolingo to learn Japanese language. Thus, a new timetable is out. The new timetable is arranged according to the topics in Duolingo.

joyfulyue.com_timetable_Japanese

The new timetable

The topics are the last twelve topics in Duolingo as I have quickly completed the three checkpoints.

joyfulyue.com_checkpoint_Japanese

The first checkpoint

The topics for the first checkpoint are basic Japanese, such as hiragana, greetings, introduction, food and time. I have learnt most of them before so passing the first checkpoint can be done in less than a week.

joyfulyue.com_checkpoint_Japanese

The second checkpoint

The topics for the second checkpoint are about time, home, family, activity, restaurant, etc. I have learnt some new vocabulary but with my foundation in Japanese language, the checkpoint can be done in a week.

joyfulyue.com_checkpoint_Japanese

The third checkpoint

The topics for the third checkpoint are starting to be more challenging. More vocabulary is learnt and I spend more time on this checkpoint. I also spend time on doing revision for topics in this checkpoint.

joyfulyue.com_Japanese_topics

The topics to be learnt

The last section is definitely for people who want to learn intermediate Japanese language. In the new timetable, I have set to learn a topic in a week. I will share what I have learnt in a particular topic in future posts.

それじゃ。See you.

 

Next lesson here

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Book Review — 孩子,我留什么给你

In 2014, I borrowed a book, 《学习方法》, which is suitable for students and learners. In 2017, I borrow a book,《孩子,我留什么给你 —— 一定要留给孩子的7大能力》, which is suitable for parents.

孩子 = child or children

留什么 = pass down what

能力 = abilities

书名:《孩子,我留什么给你 —— 一定要留给孩子的7大能力》

作者:谢淑美 (Carol)

《孩子,我留什么给你 —— 一定要留给孩子的7大能力》 has a long title. The title in English is “Children, what do I pass down for you? — The 7 abilities that must be passed down to children”. The writer is a mother to two daughters. As a parent, she has wondered what to pass down to her children. I have wondered the same too. Is it money? Is it important moral value, such as honesty?

If you are wondering the same issue, this is a good book. From the title of the book, the author writes about the seven important abilities (to be exact, six abilities and time) that she wants to pass down to her daughters. While there might be controversy whether a child needs us since birth or later when they are children, I strongly support “since birth”, rather than “later when they are children”.

The first thing that newborns need is sense of security. Once they have the sense of security, they are good with whomever, whether a domestic helper or a grandparent. Time is precious, growing up is only once and you can’t turn back time.

 

Child

The book cover

 

 

For each chapter, one or two children books are recommended for you and your children to read together.

It is also a parenting book. For example, in Chapter 13: 小孩吵架,大人不要插手 (When children quarrel, adults do not intervene).

I like a sentence from Chapter 2 the most:

“孩子的力量让我们可以谦卑地接受生命中的一切安排。”

(The power of children allows us to humbly accept all the circumstances in life.)

The author writes about her father-in-law passing away in Chapter 2. Her two daughters have given her the power to give her husband the necessary support.

Have you ever wondered what to pass down to your children? If yes, this book will answer your question. Happy reading!

 

 

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Free Learning 2

Last week I recommend Duolingo for learning a new language. What if you not only want to learn languages? There is a website for you to take free courses from the world’s best universities.

Let me introduce: edX. It is a massive open online course (MOOC) provider. There are different courses to choose from. Either you want to upgrade yourself for work advancement or for personal satisfaction, explore the courses offered. You might find one or two courses that interest you.

Similarly to Duolingo, edX also has an application version that you can download from your smart phone. But I prefer the website version on a laptop as the courses are taught in videos. Watching the videos from the laptop is much easier than watching them on the tiny screen of smart phone.

If you are looking for work advancement and would like a certificate of achievement, feel free to upgrade at a cost.

Thus far, I have taken two courses and am quite satisfied. The third course is on the way. As the courses offered are for university level, the depth that they cover might be difficult for some people. Do read the reviews and course details before you enrol for the course.

The website is https://www.edx.org/

 

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Free Learning 1

There are a lot of free learning phone applications and websites. If you would like to learn a new language, I would recommend Duolingo.

You can download the free application on your smart phone or go to the Duolingo website. Look for the green owl!

What I like about Duolingo:

  1. It is easy to learn any languages. For English speakers, you can learn Italian, Spanish, Russian, Portuguese, French, German and many more.
  2. It is arranged in categories and is from easy to difficult.
  3. You can learn together with your friends.
  4. The new updates have included Japanese for English speakers. I have been waiting for this. Before this, I change my setting to Japanese speaker who wants to learn English language 😛
  5. The new updates have also included creating or joining a club to learn languages and achievement badges that you can collect and motivate yourself to continue learning.

What you need to do to master a language:

Although Duolingo can help you to learn a language, you need to prepare a notebook to write notes. You also need to do further research on books or websites to learn more about a language as there are no notes or explanation given.

Next: Free Learning 2

Disclaimer: I have not been commissioned to review Duolingo by anyone. This post is based on my personal experience and personal preference after trying other applications.

 

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$80 Transportation in Singapore

Do you travel during off-peak hours?

Do you want to save cost on transportation?

Do you like train hopping or bus hopping?

If you answer yes to all the above questions, then apply for off-peak pass at TransitLink Ticket Office.

Off-peak pass allows you to travel on basic buses and MRT during off-peak hours on weekdays and all-day on weekends and public holidays.

To apply for the off-peak pass, you need a recent passport-sized photograph, your NRIC and $88. The payment covers $80 for one month transportation, $5 for card and $3 personalisation fee.

What if you need to travel during peak hours or you want to ride an express bus? It is easy, you can load extra money into your off-peak pass and it can be used during peak hours and riding an express bus.

The card has allowed me to save more than $20 per month.

What I like most about this card is that it allows unlimited travel. Sometimes, my toddler falls asleep and I do not want to wake her up, I will continue the journey, whether on bus or MRT, so that she could take a longer nap.

 

 

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Breastfeeding

When I was pregnant, I read a lot about breastfeeding. I know it is difficult for the first few months, I know the baby might not latch well, I know the supply will increase with demand. Little did I know, it is even more difficult in practical.

I am lucky to have a baby who latches well, but I am not so lucky because the supply does not increase much in the first month and I have to mix feed with formula milk. Yes, I was depressed, I was worried and I felt guilty for giving formula milk. Until one day, my friend told me: “Formula is not poison.” That really relieves me from guilt!

Later, when my baby is a toddler, I have learnt that a lot of new mummies face the same problem as me. Some have more serious depression until they need to seek medical help or worse, commit suicide.

Misconceptions

  1. Cannot drink plain water during your confinement — You actually can. So, drink a lot of water and fluid. Warm water is preferred.
  2. Formula milk is bad — This has caused a lot of new mummies into “die die must breastfeed” mindset. Breastfeeding has its benefits, but if the supply is not sufficient, topping up with formula milk does not mean you are a bad mum or whatsoever. There are mummies who top up with formula milk until the supply catches up and fully breastfeed.
  3. Breastfeeding means the baby won’t get sick — NO! The baby will be sick when he or she is growing up whether you are feeding him or her with breast milk or formula milk. The difference is the baby who takes breast milk will recover faster.

Having said the misconceptions, I do not encourage new mummies to go for 100% formula milk by any means. Breast milk is still the best food for infants under six months old and mummies are encouraged to continue breastfeeding until the baby is two years old or as long as the breast milk is still available.

The purpose of writing this post is to ease the minds of new mummies who freak out during the first few months when the supply is low. Things will get easier after the third month and by the baby’s first birthday, you will be glad that you have not given up breastfeeding.

keep-calm-and-breastfeed

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